Black Knight Mortgage Monitor: "Housing costs to current income levels within a whisper of all time high in 2006"
Black Knight publishes a monthly Mortgage Monitor report that contains interesting information on the mortgage market and housing.
Today, the Data & Analytics division of Black Knight, Inc. released its latest Mortgage Monitor Report, based upon the company's industry-leading mortgage, real estate and public records datasets. While rising home prices and volatile interest rates continue to compound the affordability pressures in the housing market, the same dynamics have also served to increase the housing wealth of American mortgage holders by a significant margin. According to Black Knight Data & Analytics President Ben Graboske, tappable equity – the amount available for mortgage holders to borrow against while retaining a 20% equity stake in their homes – has reached yet another all-time high.
“Home price growth cooled – albeit very slightly – in April,” said Graboske. “While a downward shift from 20.4% to 19.9% annual growth is hardly cause for concern, it’s also likely we've not yet seen the full impact of recent rate increases. Rather, April’s decline is more likely a sign of deceleration caused by the modest rate increases in late 2021 and early 2022 when rates first began ticking upwards. The March and April 2022 rate spikes will take time to show up in repeat sales indexes. That said, price growth thus far has created a very difficult environment for prospective homebuyers to navigate. The monthly P&I payment required for the average home purchase is up nearly $600 since the start of the year, and factoring in current income levels housing is now withing a whisper of the record low affordability seen at the peak of the market in 2006. Even modest increases in either rates or home prices at this point would push us over that line.”
Mortgage Delinquencies at Record Lows
Here is a graph on delinquencies from Black Knight. Overall delinquencies are at record lows.
• The national delinquency rate fell to 2.8% in April, down four basis points from March, hitting a new record low for the second consecutive month
• While delinquency rates typically see seasonal increases in April following declines in March, the increase in 30-day delinquencies was offset by continued improvement in serious delinquencies
House Price Growth was Strong in April
The second graph shows Black Knight’s estimate of monthly house price increases and the year-over-year change in prices.
• Home price growth showed modest signs of cooling in April, in what may be the beginning of a broader slowdown driven by sharply rising 30-year rates
• Prices were up 19.9% year-over-year in April, slightly cooler than the record 20.4% seen one month prior
• The average home value is up 8.7% over the first four months of 2022
National Payment to Income Ratio
Note: Black Knights data on affordability goes back to 1996. This doesn’t include housing in the 1980 period when 30-year mortgage rates peaked at over 18%.
And on the payment to income ratio:
• May marked the least affordable housing since July 2006, and ranked among the three least affordable months on record
• The monthly payment required to purchase the average price home with 20% down jumped another $100 through mid-May, and is now up nearly $600 (+44%) from the start of the year and $865 (+79%) from the start of the pandemic
• When comparing the rise in housing costs to current income levels, it now takes 33.7% of the median household income to purchase the average priced home, within a whisper of the 34.1% all time high at its peak in June 2006
During the housing bubble, there were “affordability products” with low teaser rates available. Excluding the bubble years, this is the worst affordability since at least the early ‘90s, maybe ‘80s.
There is much more in the mortgage monitor. For example, Black Knight also has data on the status of mortgage loans that were in forbearance.
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